Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

What Is ALL?

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a cancer of the bone marrow and blood that progresses rapidly without treatment. That’s why it’s important to start treatment soon after diagnosis.

What You Should Know

  • ALL is also called acute lymphocytic leukemia and acute lymphoid leukemia.
  • ALL is the most common type of cancer in children from 1 to 7 years old.
  • ALL is the most common type of leukemia in children from infancy up to age 19.
  • ALL affects the blood cells and immune system.
  • There are several ALL subtypes.
  • The type of treatment you receive and your treatment outcome depend on your ALL subtype and individual risk factors.
  • Overall survival statistics for people with ALL are 66.4 percent (all ages) and 90.8 percent for children under 5 years old, according to the National Cancer Institute.

What You Should Do

  • Seek treatment in a cancer center where doctors are experienced in treating patients with acute leukemia.
  • Talk with your doctor about your diagnostic tests and what the results mean.
  • Talk with your doctor about all your treatment options and the results you can expect from treatment.
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